Aikido Techniques

AIKIDO TECHNIQUES

Aikido techniques are frequently referred to as waza (which is Japanese for technique, art or skill).

Aikido training is based primarily on two partners practicing pre-arranged forms (kata) rather than freestyle practice. The basic pattern is for the assailant (uke) to initiate an attack against the person who applies the technique — the tori or nage (when applying a throwing technique), who neutralises this attack with an aikido technique.

Both halves of the technique, that of uke and that of tori, are considered essential to aikido training. Both are studying aikido principles of blending and adaptation. Tori learns to blend with and control attacking energy, while uke learns to become calm and flexible in the disadvantageous, off-balance positions in which tori places him. This "receiving" of the technique is called ukemi.

Aikido has over thousands of techniques – some of the ‘basic techniques are listed below. The terminology used for these techniques vary between organisations and styles – traditionalists tend to use the Japanese terms, some use the term 1st form etc. for ease of understanding, some (like us) use a mixture of both.

Form Kogeki Attacks
1st Katate Kosadori One hand holding the opposite wrist
2nd Katatetori One hand holding the same side wrist
3rd Katatori One hand holding the same side shoulder
3rd (alt) Katatori Menuchi As above with a strike to the face or throat
4th Munadori One hand hold lapels mid-chest
4th (alt) Munadori Menuchi As above with a strike to the face or throat
5th Shomenuchi Strike down on top of the head
6th Yokomenuchi Diagonal strike to the head/neck
7th Munatsuki Straight punch or poke to the abdomen
8th Katatetori Ryotemuchi One arm held by two hands
9th Ryote-dori Two arms holding two hands/wrists
10th Ryokata-dori Two hands holding two shoulders
11th Ushiro Tekubitori Holding both wrists from behind
12th Ushiro Kubitori (hiji dori) Holding elbows from behind
13th Ushiro Ryokata dori Holding shoulders from behind
14th Ushiro Kubishime Hold wrist and strangle from behind
15th Ushiro tori Hold round shoulders from behind (bear hug)
16th Ushiro Eri-dori Collar grab from behind
Niningake Being held by two attackers
Saningake Being held by three attackers
Tanto dori Knife attack
Tachi dori Sword attack
Jo dori Jo attack
Waza Techniques
Ikkyo First immobilisation, arm
Nikkyo Second immobilisation, wrist
Sankyo Third immobilisation, hand twist
Yonkyo Fourth immobilisation, nerve technique
Shihonage Four directional throw
Tenchinage Heaven and Earth throw
Kaitenage Rotary or circular throw
Kotegaeshi Palm turning throw
Kokyunage Breath power throw
Iriminage Body entering throw
Suwari waza Kneeling techniques